Small Heath
  Coenonympha pamphilus
 


Small Heath at Loch Fleet, SE Sutherland,
in June 2007. Photograph by Tony Mainwood.


DESCRIPTION

Upperside of wings are a dull orange colour with darker margins. The usual view of this butterfly can be seen in the picture opposite, with an eye spot on a paler streak of orange.

Wingspan about 33mm (male), 37mm (female).

LIFE CYCLE

Single brooded in this area. Ova laid singly on a range of grass species, hatching in about 14 days. Larvae overwinter, feeding during mild periods. Pupal stage lasts about 3 weeks.

FLIGHT TIMES

June and July are the best months in which to find this species on the wing..

REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION

Appears to be widely distributed in Moray and Highland, and has been recorded in the Western Isles. Not thought to be present in Orkney, and absent from Shetland.

LINKS